Psychological stress can be defined as the way in which the body responds involuntarily through mental and physical preparations, to any event or impulse that affects its feelings, such as a surgical operation, for example, and psychological stress represents a state of imbalance between psychological and physical requirements, And the ability to achieve a successful response when the result of responding to these requirements is of great importance, and psychological stress is considered a state of emotional tension, and a phenomenon resulting from the comparison of the requirements that are asked of the person with his ability to fulfill these requirements and face them, and when there are an imbalance and imbalance in the results Comparison, and in a person’s motivation mechanisms, loss of control, control over events, and the crisis occurs, all of this leads to the generation of what is called (psychological pressure).
The term psychological stress is often used alternating with the term anxiety, and despite this overlap between the two terms, anxiety is considered a result of feeling stressed, and one researcher believes that psychological stress represents a response that goes through three main stages, namely:
Alarm stage: the stage in which the physical aspect is stimulated; To face the threat, as the body secretes hormones, the heartbeat increases, breathing accelerates, and the person prepares for a state of fighting, confrontation, withdrawal, and flight.
The stage of resistance: It is the stage through which the threat and the stress-causing crisis are resisted.
The stage of exhaustion: It is the stage that occurs in the event of failure to confront the crisis that causes psychological stress, which leads to the persistence of the effect of psychological stress for a long time, and the consumption of physiological resources, which would cause physical and emotional collapse.
How to avoid stress :
There are many ways and strategies through which one can avoid and face psychological pressures, and the most important of these are:
These are the methods that are used. To storm the crisis and confront its effects, and this is done through: Trying to solve the problem that causes psychological distress, and address it directly.
Analyze the stressful situation in a logical manner; With the aim of understanding it, preparing for it, and for its consequences.
Reconstructing, evaluating the situation in a positive way, trying to clarify the situation cognitively, and accepting reality as it is. Collecting information related to the stressful situation, and seeking help from the responsible authorities and community institutions that may have a relationship with the situation.
These are the methods that are used; To avoid the situation that leads to the occurrence of psychological pressure, but without resorting to rational thinking, and this is done through:
Use of cognitive attempts; In order to avoid realistic thinking in a stressful situation.
Surrender to the stressful crisis, and make yourself accustomed to accepting it.
Resorting to alternative activities and practices and trying to integrate into them; With the aim of avoiding the crisis that causes psychological stress, and finding new sources of adaptation and satisfaction.
Express negative feelings, and reduce tension, through catharsis and emotional discharging, verbally, or through direct individual efforts.
– Cognitive strategies:
It includes the following methods:
Turning to Religion: This means that individuals resort to the spiritual aspect, pay attention to their religion, and perform ritual acts to the fullest, as it is an important source of emotional and spiritual support, which helps to confront the crisis that causes psychological stress, and try to overcome it.
Rational thinking: that is, the individual’s recourse to realistic and logical thinking. In order to reach the causes, and sources related to psychological stress.
Imagining: the individual’s imagination of the events that may happen in the future, and facts related to the stress-causing crisis.
Denial: It represents a cognitive process that the individual resort to. With the aim of neglecting or denying the crisis and the psychological pressures resulting from it, in addition to ignoring the sources of anxiety, considering that the crisis did not occur at all.
Problem Solving: This is the search for new and innovative ideas. With the aim of confronting the crisis that causes psychological stress, this method is called (mental calamity).
The use of humor: Through the use of humor, it is possible to overcome psychological pressures, and to deal with them in a simple manner without emotion or tension.