Domesticated cats (scientific name: Felis catus) follow the class of mammals and the order of carnivores, which are the smallest species belonging to the feline family. Cats have a high skill in hunting thanks to their agility, body flexibility, teeth, and strong specialized claws. The ancient Egyptians domesticated wild cats since about 1500 BC when they realized their role in protecting the stores of grain crops from rodents, and it was so much their respect for cats that they worshiped a god who has a cat’s head named Bastet, and archaeologists have found several thousand cat mummies in Egyptian temples and hundreds of rat mummies, a favorite food for cats.
The cat’s gestation period
The cat reaches the stage of sexual maturity between the fourth and tenth months of its life, and it can mate several times in a year, and the males can recognize the females ready to mate from the special scents that mix with their urine, in addition to the sounds and calls that they make, so the males begin to fight among themselves to win the strongest among them The right to mate with the female, and the cat’s gestation period ranges between 63-65 days; That is, two months and several days, after which you put between three and five cats.
During the first two weeks of pregnancy, the cat suffers from nausea, so its eating becomes less than usual, but at the beginning of the third week it regains its appetite, and then begins to gain more weight, and its stomach appears swollen as if it swallowed a ball if the number of fetuses in its abdomen is large. The cat begins a week before its due date by searching for a safe and warm place to give birth, and it is noticed that it stops eating two days before its birth. The mother gives birth to her first offspring about an hour after labor begins, after that she gives birth to a kitten every 15-20 minutes until all the embryos come out, and the mother cuts the umbilical cord with her teeth, and begins to lick the cats with her tongue to clean them, stimulate their blood circulation, and eat the placenta that supplies them with food and stimulates the start of the secretion of milk. Kittens are born blind and deaf, and their senses do not start working until after ten days, and the cat continues to breastfeed its young for close to eight weeks, and leaves them after weaning, and is ready to mate again.
General characteristics of cats
The following are some of the general characteristics of cats:
The average weight of domesticated cats ranges between 6-10 pounds (2.7-4.5 kilograms), but there are some cats that weigh up to 28 pounds (12.7 kilograms).
The average body length of male cats is 28 inches (71 cm), while the average body length of females is 20 inches (50.8 cm).
The digestive system of cats adapts to their diet, so the small intestine is short to be able to digest meat more efficiently.
The brain is large and well developed.
The cat moves by moving the front and back legs on one side, then the front and back legs are moved on the second side, and the giraffe and the camel participate in this way.
The cat can easily arch and extend its back, because the vertebrae of the spine are connected to each other by muscles and not ligaments, as in humans, for example.
Cats have 30 teeth, 16 of which are in the upper jaw, and 14 in the lower jaw, and they only use their fangs and molars to cut and tear food, while the rest of the teeth are useless,
They also do not have grinding teeth, as for kittens, they have 24 brown teeth that they replace with permanent teeth upon reaching the fifth month of life.
Cats are able to pull their claws inside the fingers of the palm when they do not need to use them, and the cat defines its claws by moving the finger bone that covers the claw, and at the same time works to spread the fingers of the palm so that the size of the palm doubles.
Cats are not able to distinguish colors clearly, and cats can control the pupil aperture to match the intensity of light, and it is known that cats’ eyes shine at night when strong light shines on them because of the presence of a layer of guanine in the retina, which increases their sensitivity to light, and one of the characteristics of eyes Cats contains the third eyelid.
The sense of hearing in cats exceeds that of dogs, as it can respond to approximately 85,000 vibrations per second, while dogs only respond to 35,000 vibrations per second, and the cat’s ear consists of thirty muscles, and this gives it the ability to move the ear easily and quickly towards a source the sound.
Cats have a strong sense of smell that enables them to distinguish the smells of substances containing nitrogen, such as fish.
Cats’ tongues are covered with sharp bumps called papillae that make the tongue rough, helping them clean themselves.
When cats fall from a high place, they can adjust their body position so that they touch the ground with their four limbs and this feature is called an osteopathic reflex.
Cats are social animals by nature, they live in groups, but they hunt individually, and each member of the group is considered responsible for his self-defense.
Cats prefer to stay in high places because this gives them a wider range of vision, and they prefer to jump on prey from a high place.
Cats are characterized by their love to play, and they are often seen playing the reels of strings or chasing the tail of the mother, and it is believed that this type of behavior in cats is related to their hunting instinct.